The founding document of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), the precursor of today’s New Democratic Party.
The Regina Manifesto was born in the heat of the Great Depression in 1933 and captured the urgency of the time’s dire economic situation. The Manifesto captured the militancy of agrarian socialists in the Canadian prairies and the union organizers and activist of Canada’s large cities who believed that capitalism was imploding and needed be replaced by broad public ownership and what they called a “planned and socialized economy.”
As the CCF achieved greater political success – winning provincial government in Saskatchewan and electing increasing numbers of MPs in Ottawa – it sought to distance itself from some of the more radical positions inherent in the Regina Manifesto.
This transformation culminated its reconstitution as the New Democratic Party in 1962, but the original language of its predecessor’s founding continues to be used as an attack or a lament, depending who you ask.
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